Rebuttal to Answering Islam

Category: Bible

What Kind of Book is Injeel?

The Contradiction

here is the problem: when we look at the New Testament, the book which is the Scripture of the Christians, we see that it nowhere makes the claim that it is a book that was “given to Jesus”. On the contrary, the New Testament consists of several books that were written by followers of Jesus (under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit) AFTER the ascension of Jesus.

Therefore, the Injil can EITHER be a book given to Jesus, OR it can be the book that the Christians hold as they Holy Scriptures, but it cannot be both.

Reply:

The word new testament is NOT used in Quran.

Injeel is the book which was revealed upon Prophet Esa a.s.,and had the guidance for the people.

I do not know whether this book is considered as Holy by the Christians or not.

Critic:

But the Bible is corrupted!

In most cases when the Qur’an contradicts the Bible, Muslims shout, “but the Bible is corrupted”, as if that is the answer and solution to every such problem.

There are at least two reasons why this response will not solve the problem.

First, the Qur’an never claims that the Injil is corrupted. There are certain accusations against the Jews, but no charge that the Christians corrupted their Scripture.

Reply:

Quran claims about the corruption of Injeel.

And from those who say, “We are Christians” We took their covenant; but they forgot a portion of that of which they were reminded. So We caused among them animosity and hatred until the Day of Resurrection. And Allah is going to inform them about what they used to do(5:14)

.

And among the People of the Scripture is he who, if you entrust him with a great amount [of wealth], he will return it to you. And among them is he who, if you entrust him with a [single] silver coin, he will not return it to you unless you are constantly standing over him [demanding it]. That is because they say, “There is no blame upon us concerning the unlearned.” And they speak untruth about Allah while they know [it](3:75)

.

Hadith about corruption of Torah and Gospel:
Narrated Ubaidullah:
“Ibn ‘Abbas said, ‘Why do you ask the people of the scripture about anything while your Book (Quran) which has been revealed to Allah’s Apostle is newer and the latest? You read it pure, undistorted and unchanged, and Allah has told you that the people of the scripture (Jews and Christians) changed their scripture and distorted it, and wrote the scripture with their own hands and said, ‘It is from Allah,’ to sell it for a little gain. Does not the knowledge which has come to you prevent you from asking them about anything? No, by Allah, we have never seen any man from them asking you regarding what has been revealed to you!’ (Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Holding Fast to the Qur’an and Sunnah, Volume 9, Book 92, Number 461)”

Secondly,Injeel was a guidance for bani Israeel,and these are verses regarding bani Israeel,their behavior with the holy scriptures.

5:13, 5:15, 5:41, 2:159, 2:174, 3:75, 3:187, 4:46, 7:162..

.

Critic:

Second, even if there had been some corruption of certain passages, small changes resulting in certain shifts of meaning, this cannot possibly explain the above contradiction in the Qur’an. Here we have a fundamental difference in the nature of the book which cannot be accounted for either with gradual changes or with a sudden change

.

Reply:

Gradual and small changes,over a period of time,definitely they would render the book corrupted.

And corruption,whether small or greater,remains a corruption in any case.

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The Quran on Jesus as the Preexistent Spirit of Allah

Sam Shamoun

The Spirit as Creator and Life-giver

The Quran testifies that Allah imparts life through or by his Spirit:

And when thy Lord said to the angels, ‘See, I am creating a mortal of a clay of mud moulded. When I have shaped him, and breathed My spirit (roohee) in him, fall you down, bowing before him! S. 15:28-29

The breathing of the Spirit into Adam was obviously for the purpose of animating the body of the first man, thereby making him a living being or soul. The Quran, at this point, is merely echoing the Biblical account of man’s creation:

“This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created. When the LORD God made the earth and the heavens- and no shrub of the field had yet appeared on the earth] and no plant of the field had yet sprung up, for the LORD God had not sent rain on the earth and there was no man to work the ground, but streams came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground- the LORD God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.” Genesis 2:4-7

“The Spirit of God has made me; the breath of the Almighty gives me life.” Job 33:4

The Muslim scripture further says that Allah breathed his Spirit into Mary, evidently with the intention of causing her to get pregnant:

And she who guarded her virginity, so We breathed into her of Our spirit (roohina) and appointed her and her son to be a sign unto all beings. S. 21:91

And Mary, Imran’s daughter, who guarded her virginity, so We breathed into her of Our Spirit (roohina), and she confirmed the Words of her Lord and His Books, and became one of the obedient. S. 66:12

The Quran provides further substantiation that Allah’s intention behind breathing out his Spirit into her was to cause the virginal conception of Jesus:

And mention in the Book Mary when she withdrew from her people to an eastern place, and she took a veil apart from them; then We sent unto her Our Spirit (roohana) that presented himself to her a man without fault. She said, ‘I take refuge in the All-merciful from thee! If thou fearest God’ … He said, ‘I am but a messenger come from thy Lord, to give thee a boy most pure. She said, ‘How shall I have a son whom no mortal has touched, neither have I been unchaste?’ He said, ‘Even so thy Lord has said: “Easy is that for Me; and that We may appoint him a sign unto men and a mercy from Us; it is a thing decreed.”’ S. 19:16-21

Here, the Spirit appears as a man in order to inform Mary that he has come to give her a pure, faultless son.

It seems pretty certain that Muhammad misunderstood or confused the Biblical story which speaks of God sending forth his angels to announce the virginal conception and birth of the Lord Jesus by the Holy Spirit:

“This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit. Because Joseph her husband was a righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly. But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, ‘Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.’” Matthew 1:18-21

And:

“In the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. The angel went to her and said, ‘Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you.’ Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. But the angel said to her, ‘Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favor with God. You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end.’ ‘How will this be,’ Mary asked the angel, ‘since I am a virgin?’ The angel answered, ‘The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.’” Luke 1:26-35

Muhammad may have mixed up the details and thought that it was the Holy Spirit who both came to Mary and caused her to supernaturally conceive. Whatever the case, it is clear that Muhammad believed that Allah’s Spirit has the power to create and is the agent or breath of life, the one through whom Allah imparts life to his creatures.

Response:

There was no confusion at all.Allah never came in the state of a man for the birth of Prophet Jesus a.s. or to virgin Mary a.s.

There is a word spirit or rooh,there is another term Rooh of Allah or The Spirit of Allah and finally the Holy Spirit.

-The Spirit :It is a general term meaning the soul, about which we have very little knowledge.

-The Spirit of Allah :Very specific term,but again we have little knowledge about any spirit.

-The Holy spirit: This term is used for Angel Jibraeel a.s.

So the Holy spirit and the Rooh of Allah ,are two different entities which are confused by you people.

Critic:

The Traditional View

Muslim expositors have interpreted Q. 19:16-21, 21:91 and 66:12 to mean that Allah sent Gabriel to appear to Mary who then breathed into her body which caused her to get pregnant:

And Mary (wa-Maryama is a supplement to imra’ata Fir‘awna) daughter of ‘Imran, who preserved [the chastity of] her womb, so We breathed into it of Our Spirit, namely, Gabriel — when he breathed into the opening of her shirt, by God’s creation of this action of his which reached her womb, thus conceiving Jesus — and she confirmed the words of her Lord, His prescriptions, and His, revealed, Scriptures and she was of the obedient, [one] of the obedient folk. (Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Q. 66:12; source; underline emphasis ours)

And:

(And Mary, daughter of Imran, whose body was chaste, therefore We breathed therein something of Our Spirit) and so Gabriel breathed inside her garment and she became pregnant with Jesus. (And she put faith in the words of her Lord) she believed in what Gabriel told her that he was the Messenger of Allah entrusted with giving her a holy son (and His Scriptures) and she also believed in His Scriptures: the Torah, the Gospel and all other Scriptures; it is also said this means: she believed in the words of her Lord that Jesus the son of Mary will come into being by Allah saying “Be!” and he became a human being, and she also believed in His Scripture: the Gospel, (and was of the obedient) in times of hardship and comfort; and it is also said that this means: and she was obedient to He Who is far transcendent and majestic’. (Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs; source; underline emphasis ours)

Finally:

meaning, who protected and purified her honor, by being chaste and free of immorality…

meaning, through the angel Jibril. Allah sent the angel Jibril to Maryam, and he came to her in the shape of a man in every respect. Allah commanded him to blow into a gap of her garment and that breath went into her womb through her private part; this is how `Isa was conceived. This is why Allah said here…

meaning His decree and His legislation. (Tafsir Ibn Kathir; source)

There are a few problems with this view, not the least of which is that the Quran never identifies the Spirit as Gabriel. In fact, when Muhammad was asked concerning the Spirit he didn’t say he was Gabriel, but candidly admitted that he didn’t have a lot of information and didn’t really know much about his exact identity:

They will question thee concerning the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is of the bidding of my Lord. You have been given of knowledge nothing except a little.’ S. 17:85

Why didn’t Muhammad simply come out and say that the Spirit is Gabriel if this is what he really believed?

Response:

Not every spirit is Gabriel a.s.

Secondly,it is never mentioned that the spirit was blown into the shirt or skirt or somewhere else.

Thirdly, none of the verse says that Angel Jibraeel was blown into Virgin Maryam a.s.

And [the example of] Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity, so We blew into her through/from Our spirit, and she believed in the words of her Lord and His scriptures and was of the devoutly obedient.(66:12)

And [mention] the one who guarded her chastity, so We blew into her through/from Our spirit, and We made her and her son a sign for the worlds.(21:91) 

It was simply the spirit blown into her.

Critic:

The second problem is that this view implies that Gabriel, whom Muslims believe is a creature, is another god besides Allah since he has the same ability that the Muslim deity has, such as creating and breathing life into things. Thus, this position turns a creature into a co-creator and life-giver with Allah (that is, unless Muslims want to change their position and claim that Gabriel isn’t a creature).

Response:

It is just like saying that any girl of two or three year standing on a toy stove,cooking something,is same as the masterchef who also stands with a stove to cook something.

Are the two even similar?

No.

Angel Jibraeel a.s. was doing whatever he was instructed by Allah to do and He a.s had no power to do it unless granted by Allah.

Critic:

The third problem is that both Q. 21:91 and 66:12 emphatically say that it is Allah who breathed the Spirit into Mary, whereas the above expositors state that it was Gabriel who did so. This means that, a) Gabriel cannot be the Spirit since he is the one who breathed out the Spirit into Mary, clearly differentiating the two, and b) Gabriel is none other than Allah, the very one who breathed the Spirit into Jesus’ blessed mother. In other words, Gabriel breathing out the Spirit identifies him as Allah since the Quranic passages expressly teach that it was Allah, not some other being, that did the breathing.

This is what we would have if we were to put this into a form of a logical syllogism:

  1. The Quran says that Allah breathed the Spirit into Mary.
  2. The Muslim exegetes say that it was Gabriel who breathed into the mother of Christ.
  3. Therefore, Gabriel is Allah the very one who did the breathing and caused Jesus’ conception.

Clearly, this Islamic interpretation of the aforementioned references is brimming with theological problems.

Response:

A.True, nafakhna means we blew.

B.The Muslim exegetes are respectable but they can not be compared to Allah or Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w. or their sayings.

C.Wrong conclusion because Allah blew into Her,through His spirit.

Critic:

The Alternative View

There is another way of interpreting these particular Quranic references, one that may not be too pleasing for Muslims. One can understand from all of these citations that Jesus is God’s Spirit who was breathed into Mary. After all, doesn’t the Quran identify Jesus as a Spirit who proceeds from Allah?

People of the Book, go not beyond the bounds in your religion, and say not as to God but the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only the Messenger of God, and His Word that He committed to Mary, and a Spirit from Him (roohun minhu). So believe in God and His Messengers, and say not, ‘Three.’ Refrain; better is it for you. God is only One God. Glory be to Him — That He should have a son! To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth; God suffices for a guardian. S. 4:171

And isn’t this the same expression used in reference to one who is both omnipresent and omnipotent?

Thou shalt not find any people who believe in God and the Last Day who are loving to anyone who opposes. God and His Messenger, not though they were their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their clan. Those — He has written faith upon their hearts, and He has confirmed them with a Spirit from Himself (roohin minhu); and He shall admit them into gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein to dwell forever, God being well-pleased with them, and they well-pleased with Him. Those are God’s party; why, surely God’s party — they are the prosperers. S. 58:22

In order for this Spirit to be able to strengthen all true believers at the same time he must be personally present with all of them wherever they are at and must have the divine power to protect and preserve them all. Seeing that these are all characteristics of Deity it shouldn’t come as a surprise that the late Muslim translator Abdullah Yusuf Ali referred to this entity as the Divine Spirit:

… Cf. ii 87 and 253, where it is said that God strengthened the Prophet Jesus with the holy spirit. Here we learn that all good and righteous men are strengthened by God with the holy spirit. If anything, the phrase used here is stronger, ‘a spirit from Himself’. Whenever any one offers his heart in faith and purity to God, God accepts it, engraves that faith on the seeker’s heart, and further fortifies him with the Divine Spirit, which we can no more define adequately than we can define in human language the nature of God. (Ali, The Meaning of the Holy Quran, p. 1518, fn. 5365; bold emphasis ours)

And yet Jesus is said to be the Spirit from God!

Response:

There is nothing in any verse mentioned ,saying that Angel Jibrail was blown into Virgin Maryam a.s.,or even the Holy spirit was blown into Her.

O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And do not say, “Three”; desist – it is better for you. Indeed, Allah is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs.(4:171)

A soul or spirit from Him,it does not mean that that it was angel Jibrael from Him.

Soul from Him and His soul are two different phenomena.

Prophet Jesus a.s. was a soul from Allah,not soul of Allah or Rooh illah.(as perceived by the critic)

Critic:

Moreover, doesn’t the hadith literature call Jesus the Spirit of Allah (Roohullah)?

III: The words of Allah, “He taught Adam the names of everything.” (2:31)

4206… He will say, ‘Go to ‘Isa, the slave of Allah and His Messenger, the Word of Allah and His Spirit.’ But he will say, ‘I am not worthy of this task, Go to Muhammad, a slave whose past and future wrong actions Allah has forgiven…

And:

CCIII: “Descendants of those We carried with Nuh. He was a grateful slave.” (17:3)

4435… “They will go to ‘Isa and say, ‘O ‘Isa! You are the Messenger of Allah and His Word which He cast to Maryam and a spirit from Him. You spoke to people while in the cradle. Intercede with your Lord on our behalf. Do you not see what we are suffering?’ ‘Isa will say, ‘My Lord is angry today with such anger as has never existed before nor will again,’ and he did not mention a sin. ‘O my soul! My soul! My soul! Go to someone else. Go to Muhammad.’ (Aisha Bewley, Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari, Chapter 68. Book of Tafsir: source)

Finally:

Ruh-Ullah – Spirit of God, A special title given by Prophet Muhammad (S. A.) to Jesus (A. A.) (M. A. Qazi, Concise Dictionary of Islamic Terms [Kazi Publications, Chicago IL, 1979], p. 57)

In light of the foregoing one can legitimately understand from Q. 21:91 and 66:12 that Allah sent forth Jesus, his very own Spirit, into Mary in order that he might become a man.

Response:

See the Arabic hadees and tell me where is the word Rooh ullah or the spirit of Allah?

It is simply the word, Rooh im Minhu, Spirit From Him.

M.A Qazi is not an authentic source.

Critic:

Interestingly, noted Muslim author Neal Robinson referred to a particular Islamic interpretation of Q. 19:16-21 which actually supports our exegesis. He writes:

“Alternatively it might be thought (on the basis of 4:171) that the Spirit who presented himself to Mary was none other than the Messiah to whom she subsequently gave birth. At first this seems improbable because of the way in which the Spirit refers to himself as a messenger. There is, however, an apocryphal writing which furnishes a precedent for identifying the agent of the annunciation with the Word who became flesh. This is the so-called Epistula Apostolorum which purports to be a letter addressed to the worldwide Church by the 11 disciples recording a conversation which they had with Christ after the resurrection. In the course of the conversation he told them:

At that time I appeared in the form of the archangel Gabriel to [the virgin] Mary and spoke with her, and her heart received [me]; she believed and laughed and I, the Word, went into her and became flesh; and I myself was servant FOR MYSELF, and in the form of the image of an angel.” (Robinson, Christ In Islam and Christianity [State University of New York Press (SUNY), Albany 1991], Chapter 15. The Virginal Conception, p. 157; bold and capital emphasis ours)

And:

“Tabari assumes that the Spirit who was sent to Mary was Gabriel. He reports that this was the view of Qatada, Ibn Jurayj and Wahb. The other commentators agree that this is the correct interpretation but none the less mention THE ALTERNATIVE VIEW, namely that the Spirit was the Messiah. Ibn Kathir gives the following report traced back by a single isnad TO THE COMPANION UBAIY:

The spirit of Jesus is one of the group of spirits with whom [God] took a pact in the time of Adam [cf. 33:7 and 7:172]. It is he, that is to say the spirit of Jesus, who presented himself to her in the form of a perfect human being. So she conceived the one who addressed her and he became incarnate in her [entering her through her mouth].

“DESPITE ITS PEDIGREE, Ibn Kathir dismisses this interpretation as reprehensible and supposes it to have been derived from the People of the Scripture.” (Ibid. p. 161; bold and capital emphasis ours)

The following Muslim commentator also admits that this was an interpretation held by some of the Islamic scholars.

A majority of scholars hold the view that … (Spirit) refers to Sayyidna Jibra’il but some say that it refers to Sayyidna ‘Isa himself. Allah Ta‘ala had placed before Sayyidah Maryam the likeness of the son to be born to her. But the former version is more appropriate and is confirmed by the statement that follows. (Mufti Shafi Uthmani, Maariful Quran, Q. 19:16-21, Volume 6, p. 34; source; underline emphasis ours)

Response:

Unauthentic sources.

Critic:

Despite the fact that Muslim expositors generally tend(ed) to reject this interpretation there is nothing within the context of the aforementioned texts which mitigates against this understanding (cf. this discussion). The only real reason why any Muslim would even oppose such an explanation is due to his/her a priori belief that Jesus is not Divine or preexistent, or that the Quran is a consistent scripture and would therefore never affirm Jesus’ Divinity or prehuman existence.

The problem, however, is that the Muslim scripture is far from being consistent since Q. 4:171 expressly says that Jesus is a Spirit from Allah and his Word which he cast into Mary, both of which clearly presuppose his prehuman existence.

Response:

Wrong assumption.

Critic:

And even though the Quran denies that God is the Messiah and that Jesus is the Son of God:

They are unbelievers who say, ‘God is the Messiah, Mary’s son.’ Say: ‘Who then shall overrule God in any way if He desires to destroy the Messiah, Mary’s son, and his mother, and all those who are on earth?’ For to God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and of the earth, and all that is between them, creating what He will. God is powerful over everything. S. 5:17

They are unbelievers who say, ‘God is the Messiah, Mary’s son.’ For the Messiah said, ‘Children of Israel, serve God, my Lord and your Lord. Verily whoso associates with God anything, God shall prohibit him entrance to Paradise, and his refuge shall be the Fire; and wrongdoers shall have no helpers.’ S. 5:72

The Jews say, ‘Ezra is the Son of God’; the Christians say, ‘The Messiah is the Son of God.’ That is the utterance of their mouths, conforming with the unbelievers before them. God assail them! How they are perverted! S. 9:30

Response:

Quran is right,you are confused making wrong assumptions.

Critic:

It doesn’t articulate these doctrines correctly. After all, orthodox Christians have historically denied that God is the Messiah, insisting instead on saying that the Messiah is God. The latter statement implies that Christ is fully God in essence, that he has the entire essential attributes of Deity and is all that God is in nature, whereas the former suggests that Christ is the only one that is God. To say that God is Jesus would suggest that the entire Godhead is instantiated in Christ alone to the exclusion of the Father and the Holy Spirit, or that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are nothing more than manifestations of a single Divine Person. This latter understanding would imply that Christ is all three manifestations, which is a form of an ancient heresy known as Sabellianism (or Modalism), a view condemned by the early Church (*).

Response:

So you are saying,

Christ is equal to God 

But,

God is not equal to Christ?

Logically,when you claim something to be equal to another thing,the reciprocal should be equated as well.

If

2+2 =5-1

then logically,

5-1=2+2

But you are saying,

you believe in,

2+2 = 5-1 

but you do NOT believe in,

5-1 =2+2

Critic:

Furthermore, the Quran assumes (quite mistakenly, we might add) that in order for Jesus to be God’s Son God must have a wife with whom he had sex and got her pregnant:

Yet they ascribe to God, as associates, the jinn, though He created them; and they impute to Him sons and daughters without any knowledge. Glory be to Him! High be He exalted above what they describe! The Creator of the heavens and the earth — how should He have a son, seeing that He has no consort, and He created all things, and He has knowledge of everything? S. 6:100-101

Thus, true orthodox Christian believers can agree with the Muslim scripture that God is not the Messiah but that the Messiah is indeed God, a formulation which the Quran nowhere denies. As noted by Muslim author Neal Robinson in his comments concerning an ancient Nestorian Christian reference:

… The text which dates from around 550 CE. concludes a discussion of the Trinity with the words ‘The Messiah is God but God is not the Messiah’. The Qur’an echoes ONLY the latter half of the statement. C. Schedl, Muhammad and Jesus (Vienna: Herder, 1978), p. 531. (Robinson, Christ In Islam and Christianity, Notes to Chapter 3. ‘Isa and the Church Historian, # 19, p. 197; capital and underline emphasis mine)

Christians can further agree that Jesus is not God’s Son in the sense that Muhammad understood it, e.g. Jesus is not God’s biological offspring whom he physically sired through Mary. Such an understanding is just as insulting and blasphemous to the Christians as it is to the Muslims.

Response:

So you just believe in being equated?

Even you are not consistent there logically.

Critic:

More importantly, the Quran ascribes to Jesus the very breath of life, emphatically stating that Christ is able to breathe life into inanimate objects:

to be a Messenger to the Children of Israel saying, “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord. I will CREATE for you out of clay as the likeness of a bird; then I will breathe into it, and it will be a bird (annee akhluqu lakum mina al-teeni kahay-ati al-tayri faanfukhu feehi fayakoonu tayran), by the leave of God. I will also heal the blind and the leper, and bring to life the dead, by the leave of God. I will inform you too of what things you eat, and what you treasure up in your houses. Surely in that is a sign for you, if you are believers. S. 3:49

When God said, ‘Jesus Son of Mary, remember My blessing upon thee and upon thy mother, when I confirmed thee with the Holy Spirit, to speak to men in the cradle, and of age; and when I taught thee the Book, the Wisdom, the Torah, the Gospel; and when thou CREATEST out of clay, by My leave, as the likeness of a bird, and thou breathest into it, and it is a bird (wa-ith takhluqu mina al-teeni kahay-ati al-tayri bi-ithnee fatanfukhu feeha fatakoonu tayran), by My leave; and thou healest the blind and the leper by My leave, and thou bringest the dead forth by My leave; and when restrained from thee the Children of Israel when thou camest unto them with the clear signs, and the unbelievers among them said, “This is nothing but sorcery manifest.” S. 5:110

Doesn’t this further prove that Jesus is indeed God’s life-giving Spirit, that Jesus embodies within his own Person the life-giving Divine breath seeing that he animates beings in the same way that God does? Recall that we cited Q. 15:28-29 earlier which spoke of Allah creating Adam from clay and breathing into him of his Spirit. Here are a few other texts that speak of the creation of the first man:

who has created all things well. And He originated the creation of man out of clay (khalaqahu wa-badaa khalqa al-insani min teenin), then He fashioned his progeny of an extraction of mean water, then He shaped him, and breathed His spirit in him (wa-nafakha feehi min roohihi). And He appointed for you hearing, and sight, and hearts; little thanks you show. S. 32:7-9

When thy Lord said to the angels, ‘See, I am creating a mortal of a clay (innee khaliqun basharan min teenin). When I have shaped him, and breathed My spirit in him (wa-nafakhtu feehi min roohee), fall you down, bowing before him!’ S. 38:71-72

Thus, Jesus creates and breathes life in exactly the same way that Allah does! This only makes sense in light of Jesus being God’s very own Spirit whom he sent to become incarnate from the virgin Mary. At the very least this shows that Jesus possesses the very same life-giving Spirit of God according to the Quran.

Response:

Your logic is simply like that,

God takes away the life,gives death.

People also take away the life and give death, 

so

God=people.

WRONG.

The fact here and in case of Prophet Jesus a.s. is simply that Allah is the main Commander, who gives life and Who gives death,people who seem to be doing that or even Prophet Jesus a.s. doing that,is all by the command of Allah.

Allah and the people are not equal.

Allah and The Prophet Jesus a.s are not equal.

Critic:

Now a Muslim may chime in and argue that both Q. 3:49 and 5:110 say that Jesus breathed life into the clay birds by the permission of Allah in order to somehow refute the notion that Christ possesses the breath of life. The problem with this understanding is that this does absolutely nothing to refute the point since both passages emphatically ascribe to Jesus the ability to impart life. The most that this expression proves is that Jesus needed God’s permission to breathe life into others, not that he received this ability from God. In fact, this phrase only demonstrates that Christ works in perfect accord with God, never acting independently from the Divine will, which is precisely what the Holy Bible teaches:

“Jesus gave them this answer: ‘I tell you the truth, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does. For the Father loves the Son and shows him all he does. Yes, to your amazement he will show him even greater things than these. For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom he is pleased to give it… I tell you the truth, a time is coming and has now come when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God and those who hear will live… Do not be amazed at this, for a time is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice and come out—those who have done good will rise to live, and those who have done evil will rise to be condemned.’” John 5:19-21, 25, 28-29

“Then Jesus declared, ‘I am the bread of life. He who comes to me will never go hungry, and he who believes in me will never be thirsty. But as I told you, you have seen me and still you do not believe. All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never drive away. For I have come down from heaven not to do my will but to do the will of him who sent me. And this is the will of him who sent me, that I shall lose none of all that he has given me, but raise them up at the last day. For my Father’s will is that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in him shall have eternal life,and I will raise him up at the last day.’” John 6:35-40

Thus, the Quran is merely echoing the Biblical teaching that Jesus can do whatever God does and only works in perfect union with the Father.

Response:

Even so the people giving death,they are also doing so by the permission of Allah, so are they also the sons of God according to your logic?NO.

NEVER.

Critic:

With the foregoing in the background we would like to challenge the Muslims to respond to our case by showing us where our exegesis of the Quran is wrong. We invite the Muslims to refute our position, not by sourcing Muslim scholars who merely cite their opinions or read into the Muslim scripture their own theological presuppositions, but by demonstrating from the context of the references we presented why we are mistaken. Nor will it help the Muslim to merely quote texts which deny the Divinity of Christ since we have already shown that, a) the Quran is inconsistent and gets the Christian doctrines wrong, and b) the Muslim scripture clearly ascribes titles and functions to Christ which point to his Divine prehuman existence, e.g. Christ is God’s Word which he gave to Mary and a Spirit that proceeded from him.

Note of caution

Lest the reader misunderstand, our appeal to the Quran doesn’t mean that we believe that it is completely reliable or entirely correct concerning the nature of God, the Person of Christ etc. Nor do we believe that Jesus is the Spirit of God, but rather he is God’s unique and beloved Son. As far as we are concerned it really doesn’t matter what the Quran says since (at least to us) the Muslim scripture is only true when it completely agrees with the teachings of God’s only inspired Word, the Holy Bible. We are simply using the Quran to show Muslims the dilemma that they are in and the problems they face as a result of their scripture’s confusing and contradictory teachings concerning such issues as the nature of Jesus.

Response:

Each and every point is refuted with clear explanation,the logics are presented thereby.

Quran is 100% reliable if you have normal IQ to understand it.

The Quran’s Mistakes regarding the Biblical Patriarchs

Critic:

One formula that is used in the Scriptures to identify the specific God worshiped by Israel, highlighting their unique relationship to their covenant making God, is the expression, “the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob”.

“And behold, the LORD stood above it and said, ‘I am the LORD, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac; the land on which you lie, I will give it to you and to your descendants.’” Genesis 28:13

Here, God identifies himself to Jacob as the God his fathers, Abraham and Isaac. Obviously, when Jacob is addressed, God only refers to his fathers and Jacob’s own name is not yet part of the reference.

“He blessed Joseph, and said, ‘The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, The God who has been my shepherd all my life to this day,’” Genesis 48:15

In the above passage Jacob is addressing Yahweh as the God of his fathers and could not, therefore, call him the God of Jacob since he couldn’t call himself his own father! However, when addressing later generations, i.e. when God reveals himself to Moses and calls him to become his prophet/spokesman/the leader of Israel, he uses this identification:

“He said also, ‘I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ Then Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.” Exodus 3:6

“Go and gather the elders of Israel together and say to them, ‘The LORD, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, has appeared to me, saying, “I am indeed concerned about you and what has been done to you in Egypt.”’” Exodus 3:16

The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified His servant Jesus, the one whom you delivered and disowned in the presence of Pilate, when he had decided to release Him.” Acts 3:13

The Quran also uses these same expressions:

When Joseph said to his father, ‘Father, I saw eleven stars, and the sun and the moon; I saw them bowing down before me.’ He said, ‘O my son, relate not thy vision to thy brothers, lest they devise against thee some guile. Surely Satan is to man a manifest enemy. So will thy Lord choose thee, and teach thee the interpretation of tales, and perfect His blessing upon thee and upon the House of Jacob, as He perfected it formerly on thy fathers Abraham and Isaac; surely thy Lord is All-knowing, All-wise.’ S. 12:4-6

And I have followed the creed of my fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Not ours is it to associate aught with God. That is of God’s bounty to us, and to men; but most men are not thankful. S. 12:38

As anyone can see, the expression “your father(s)” along with the naming of the Patriarchs is obviously referring to the progenitors of Israel, to the ancestral line from whence the nation came. Abraham begot Isaac who in turn begot Jacob, who had twelve sons that became the nation or children of Israel. Interestingly, the Israelites are called the “Bani Israel” in the Quran. However, where on earth does this name come from? In the Bible it is clear, God himself gave Jacob the name Israel (Genesis 32:24-30). So his descendants are the children of Israel. But does the Quran explain anywhere why the Israelites are called Israelites?

Response:

Is it really that necessary?

Critic:

Be that as it may, the reason for calling them Israel’s children is to identify their progenitor, the one who fathered them as a people. It refers to their ancestry, their lineage. This is why one will not find the authors of the Holy Bible including the other siblings or relatives of Isaac, or even Jacob, within this formula since these others had nothing to do with the formation of Israel. Hence, you will not read anyone saying, “the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Esau, Jacob etc.”

 

Beyond this, the expression also highlights the point that God made his covenant with the Patriarchs and their descendants after them, not with anyone else:

“When the sun had gone down and it was dark, behold, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch passed between these pieces. On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, ‘To your offspring I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates, the land of the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites and the Jebusites.” Genesis 15:17-21

“When Abram was ninety-nine years old the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, ‘I am God Almighty; walk before me, and be blameless, that I may make my covenant between me and you, and may multiply you greatly.’ Then Abram fell on his face. And God said to him, Behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations. No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations. I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make you into nations, and kings shall come from you. And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your offspring after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring after you. And I will give to you and to your offspring after you the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession, and I will be their God.’” Genesis 17:1-8

Now there was a famine in the land, besides the former famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went to Gerar to Abimelech king of the Philistines. And the LORD appeared to him and said, ‘Do not go down to Egypt; dwell in the land of which I shall tell you. Sojourn in this land, and I will be with you and will bless you, for to you and to your offspring I will give all these lands, and I will establishthe oath that I swore to Abraham your father. I will multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and will give to your offspring all these lands. And in your offspring all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because Abraham obeyed my voice and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.’” Genesis 26:1-5

Jacob left Beersheba and went toward Haran. And he came to a certain place and stayed there that night, because the sun had set. Taking one of the stones of the place, he put it under his head and lay down in that place to sleep. And he dreamed, and behold, there was a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven. And behold, the angels of God were ascending and descending on it! And behold, the LORD stood above it and said, ‘I am the LORD, the God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac. The land on which you lie I will give to you and to your offspring. Your offspring shall be like the dust of the earth, and you shall spread abroad to the west and to the east and to the north and to the south, and in you and your offspring shall all the families of the earth be blessed. Behold, I am with you and will keep you wherever you go, and will bring you back to this land. For I will not leave you until I have done what I have promised you.’” Genesis 28:10-16

With all that behind us we can now turn our attention to the Quran and see how it once again gets its expressions and history jumbled up. The Quran contradicts this biblical pattern, and itself, by mentioning Ishmael as one of Jacob’s fathers!

And Abraham charged his sons with this and Jacob likewise: ‘My sons, God has chosen for you the religion; see that you die not save in surrender.’ Why, were you witnesses, when death came to Jacob?When he said to his sons, ‘What will you serve after me?’ They said, ‘We will serve thy God and the God of thy fathers Abraham, Ishmael and Isaac, One God; to Him we surrender.’ S. 2:132-133

Since Ishmael wasn’t one of the progenitors of Jacob, who became known as Israel, the name by which his descendants were called, nor was he part of the covenant blessing:

“Then God said to Abraham, As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall be her name. ‘I will bless her, and indeed I will give you a son by her Then I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her.’ Then Abraham fell on his face and laughed, and said in his heart, “Will a child be born to a man one hundred years old? And will Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a child?’ And Abraham said to God, ‘Oh that Ishmael might live before You!’ But God said, ‘No, but Sarah your wife will bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac; and I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. As for Ishmael, I have heard you; behold, I will bless him, and will make him fruitful and will multiply him exceedingly He shall become the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation. But My covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this season next year.’” Genesis 17:15-21

The Quran is therefore blatantly wrong here.

Response:

First of all it is not necessary for the Holy Quran to be 100% like Holy Bible.one of the reasons of revealing Quran was the forgery of the earlier scriptures.

Secondly,there is nothing wrong in calling the brothers of father as fathers (plural).

See the coefficient of relationship.

It is same for the uncle as well as grandfather.

Critic:

But there are further problems with these Quranic statements. We said that the expression “Abraham, Isaac and Jacob” refers to Israel’s ancestry. More specifically, the expression refers to biological relations shared by the three in that Abraham fathered Isaac who in turn fathered Jacob. The expression clearly refers to father, son and grandson. Taking the statements of the Quran seriously we are left to conclude that the author thought that Abraham fathered Ishmael who in turn begot Isaac who then fathered Jacob! Notice once again what the text says:

Were you present when death came to Jacob, when he said to his sons. ‘What will you worship after me?’ They answered, ‘We will worship thy God, the God of thy fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac, the One God; and to HIM we submit ourselves.’ S. 2:133 Sher Ali

There is further support for this interpretation from the following texts:

Or do you say, ‘Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the Tribes — they were Jews, or they were Christians’? Say: ‘Have you then greater knowledge, or God? And who does greater evil than he who conceals a testimony received from God? And God is not heedless of the things you do.’ S. 2:140

Say: ‘We believe in God, and that which has been sent down on us, and sent down on Abraham and Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the Tribes, and in that which was given to Moses and Jesus, and the Prophets, of their Lord; we make no division between any of them, and to Him we surrender.’ S. 3:84

We have revealed to thee as We revealed to Noah, and the Prophets after him, and We revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, Jesus and Job, Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and We gave to David Psalms, S. 4:163

Note the pattern here. Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and the twelve tribes are all listed consecutively. In fact, this is the only consistent pattern in all of these verses, since the Quran jumbles the timeline by mixing together different prophets from different periods. For instance, no one will doubt that the following text is structured sequentially in terms of lineage:

Remember also Our servants Abraham, Isaac and Jacob — men of might they and of vision. Assuredly We purified them with a quality most pure, the remembrance of the Abode, and in Our sight they are of the chosen, the excellent. S. 38:45-47

No one would have a problem in understanding that the above text means that Abraham fathered Isaac who begot Jacob. We know from the Holy Bible that Isaac fathered Jacob and that the latter then had twelve sons that became the twelve tribes forming the nation of Israel.

The foregoing strongly implies that the author thought that, much like Isaac begot Jacob, Ishmael begot the former who in turn was begotten by Abraham! Putting it simply, these passages presuppose the following sequence:

Abraham fathered Ishmael who fathered Isaac who fathered Jacob who fathered the twelve tribes.

It is obvious that the Quran is confused.

Response:

Quran is not confused,it is simply the defect of your own mentality.

If the names are mentioned,it is not necessary that these would be in the order of degree of relationship or any particular sequence.

Critic:

Now a Muslim may argue that the Quran realizes that Ishmael wasn’t Isaac’s father, but his brother, and cite the following text for proof:

Praise be to God, who has given me, though I am old, Ishmael and Isaac; surely my Lord hears the petition. S. 14:39

Abraham thanks God for giving him Ishmael and Isaac which shows that these two were siblings. We respond by saying not so fast. This same expression is used elsewhere in the Quran to refer to Isaac’s and Jacob’s relation with Abraham:

And We gave to him Isaac and Jacob — each one We guided, And Noah We guided before; and of his seed David and Solomon, Job and Joseph, Moses and Aaron — even so We recompense the good-doers — Zachariah and John, Jesus and Elias; each was of the righteous; Ishmael and Elisha, Jonah and Lot-each one We preferred above all beings; S. 6:84-86

So, when he went apart from them and that they were serving, apart from God, We gave him Isaac and Jacob, and each We made a Prophet; and We gave them of Our mercy, and We appointed unto them a tongue of truthfulness, sublime. S. 19:49-50

And We gave him Isaac and Jacob in superfluity, and every one made We righteous and appointed them to be leaders guiding by Our command, and We revealed to them the doing of good deeds, and to perform the prayer, and to pay the alms, and Us they served. S. 21:72-73

If the expression in Sura 14:39 regarding Ishmael and Isaac being given to Abraham implies that they were brothers, then the same must hold true for Isaac and Jacob. Since the preceding passages all say that God gave Isaac and Jacob to Abraham then we must conclude that Isaac and Jacob were brothers as well, since this is the conclusion Muslims want to derive from the wording of Sura 14:39. But if these passages regarding Isaac and Jacob do not mean that they were brothers, since the texts do not necessarily mean that God gave them as sons to Abraham, but can refer to his family line which is carried over to his grandson Jacob, then we insist that the same applies to Sura 14:39. Just because Abraham supposedly prayed that Allah gave him Ishmael and Isaac this doesn’t mean that the two had the same exact relationship to Abraham. Much like the references regarding Isaac and Jacob are concerned, one can understand that Abraham was given Ishmael and then Isaac was given as a grandson from Ishmael so as to continue the line of Abraham.

As if this wasn’t bad enough… there is another place in the Quran where Lot is said to be the father of Isaac and Jacob!

But LOT believed him; and HE said, ‘I will flee to my Lord; He is the All-mighty, the All-wise.’ And We gave HIM Isaac and Jacob, and We appointed the Prophecy and the Book to be among HIS seed; We gave HIM HIS wage in this world, and in the world to come HE shall be among the righteous. And LOT, when he said to his people ‘Surely you commit such indecency as never any being in all the world committed before you.’ S. 29:26-28

The author of the Quran has written the text in such a manner as to make Lot the object of the verb, implying that Allah gave him both Isaac and Jacob! Now the Muslim will of course say that the immediate context deals with Abraham, and therefore the pronoun refers back to him. We don’t contest that this is what the author intended, but this explanation doesn’t help the Muslim case any since it shows that the Quran is less than eloquent and not as perfect as Muslims want people to believe. It exposes the utterly human origin of the Arabic text of the Quran, since we expect that a divinely dictated text (which is what Muslims believe about the Quran) would avoid such confusion and ambiguity.

Response:

The relationship with Yaqub a.s. is explained here.

And We bestowed on him Isaac and, as an additional gift, (a grandson), Jacob, and We made righteous men of every one (of them).(21:72)

Son and something additional is the grandson.

Critic:

Finally, the Quran is further mistaken when it claims that Ishmael received revelation and was a prophet:

Say you: ‘We believe in God, and in that which has been sent down on us and sent down on Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the Tribes, and that which was given to Moses and Jesus and the Prophets, of their Lord; we make no division between any of them, and to Him we surrender.’ S. 2:136

And mention in the Book Ishmael; he was true to his promise, and he was a Messenger, a Prophet. S. 19:54

Since revelation and prophethood were part of the covenant blessings which God made with Jacob/Israel, not with Ishmael:

“He declares his word to Jacob, his statutes and rules to Israel. He has not dealt thus with any other nation; they do not know his rules. Praise the LORD!” Psalm 147:19-20

“Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? Great in every respect. First of all, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God.” Romans 3:1-2

“who are Israelites, to whom belongs the adoption as sons, and the glory and the covenants and the giving of the Law and the temple service and the promises, whose are the fathers, and from whom is the Christ according to the flesh, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen.” Romans 9:4-5

A point on which the Quran agrees:

And We bestowed on him Isaac and Jacob, and We established the prophethood and the Scripture among his seed, and We gave him his reward in the world, and lo! in the Hereafter he verily is among the righteous. S. 29:27

Indeed, We gave the Children of Israel the Book, the Judgment, and the Prophethood, and We provided them with good things, and We preferred them above all beings. We gave them clear signs of the Command; so they differed not, except after the knowledge had come to them, being insolent one to another. Surely thy Lord will decide between them on the Day of Resurrection touching their differences. S. 45:16-17

Ishmael, therefore, couldn’t have been a divinely inspired prophet.

Response:

If you are claiming that Prophet Ismail a.s. was not given any Book,what evidence do you have ?

Critic:

To summarize the Quran’s errors regarding the Patriarchs:

  1. The Quran mistakenly presents Ishmael as one of Jacob’s fathers.
  2. The Quran mistakenly presents Ishmael as the father of Isaac.
  3. In other texts, Ishmael and Isaac are grouped together as those whom Allah gave to Abraham, much like Allah gave him both Isaac and Jacob. This either means that Jacob is the brother of Ishmael and Isaac, or that Ishmael is Isaac’s father just as Isaac is Jacobs’ father!
  4. The Quran mistakenly assumes that Ishmael was a prophet who received revelation.

Even Islamic scholarship sees just how confused the Quran is regarding the exact relationships between the Patriarchs and Ishmael. Noted Islamicist F.E. Peter makes the following analysis:

… The point is worth noting because in its earliest understanding, the Quran appears to have regarded Isaac and Jacob as Abraham’s sons, as in 19:50, a Meccan revelation. It describes God’s regard for Abraham after his rejection of his family’s paganism … Ishmael is in fact mentioned in the same sura, in verse 54, following Moses, and with no apparent connection with Abraham … The immediate connection of Isaac and Jacob with Abraham and Ishmael’s separation from all three is not an isolated occurrence. It appears again in lists in 6:84-86, 21:72-85, 38:45-48, where Ishmael appears without note or particular importance amidst a miscellany, and not always the same miscellany, of prophets. The conclusion seems inescapable. While still at Mecca Muhammad was under the impression that Isaac and Jacob were Abraham’s sons, then at some point, probably at Medina, he corrected the genealogy (14:39), and eventually, for reasons more theological and polemical, placed emphasis on Ishmael (2:125, 127). (Peters, Muhammad and the Origins of Islam [State University of New York Press (SUNY), Albany 1994)], p. 118)

If the Muslim tries to turn to the Holy Bible in order to solve this mess then they would be further compounding the problem. In the first place, the Bible contradicts the claim that Jacob’s sons identified Ishmael as one of his fathers. Jacob, in Genesis, identifies Yahweh as the God of his fathers Abraham and Isaac. Secondly, the Bible rejects the claim that God gave Ishmael revelation and prophethood since it expressly says that Ishmael was not included in God’s covenant blessings that were given solely to Isaac, Jacob and his children. Thus, if the Bible is used to confirm the Quran then the same Holy Bible can also be used to falsify it. It’s as simple as that.

Response:

There is no need to turn to Holy Bible which the people have corrupted.

There is modern science affirming that the coefficient of relationship of grandfather and uncle is same.

There are no proofs for your claims that Prophet Ismail a.s. was not given any book.

Holy Bible

Muslims believe in Holy Bible,Muslims believe that it was once revealed by Allah.It is the part of our faith to believe in it.

Say, [O believers], “We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.”(2:136)

And who believe in what has been revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what was revealed before you, and of the Hereafter they are certain [in faith].(2:4)

The Books were revealed by Allah,we must believe that but it is also mentioned that we should know they are changed now:

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 92, Number 461:
Narrated Ubaidullah: Ibn ‘Abbas said, “Why do you ask the people of the scripture about anything while your Book (Quran) which has been revealed to Allah’s Apostle is newer and the latest? You read it pure, undistorted and unchanged, and Allah has told you that the people of the scripture (Jews and Christians) changed their scripture and distorted it, and wrote the scripture with their own hands and said, ‘It is from Allah,’ to sell it for a little gain. Does not the knowledge which has come to you prevent you from asking them about anything? No, by Allah, we have never seen any man from them asking you regarding what has been revealed to you!” (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 92, Number 461)

Narrated Abu Huraira:
The people of the Scripture (Jews) used to recite the Torah in Hebrew and they used to explain it in Arabic to the Muslims. On that Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not believe the people of the Scripture or disbelieve them, but say:– “We believe in Allah and what is revealed to us.” (2.136) Sahih Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Number 12

Some Non Muslims do not believe that bible is changed,but the fact is that It was changed intentionally as well as unintentionally.

For details read the Book,

Causes of the Corruption of the Traditional Text of the Holy Gospels

by John William Burgon and Edward Miller

Some Non Muslims are confused about the verses that there is no change in the words of Allah,so how could the Bible change?

The answer is simply that the verses are about the promises of Allah,the verses were not about the preservation of previous scriptures.See 10:64

Detailed Comparison: IS ALLAH THE GOD OF BIBLE?

Yes.

The criteria mentioned to deny this is the Bible which is altered.

AUTHOR OF EVIL

Actually This is the height of Islamophobia or to conceal their own altered revelations.

Regarding the altered Bible,

I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the Lord do all these things.

—Isaiah 45:7

Regarding deception,Seven verses are quoted by the critic and there is root word makr there or its derivative in six of these verses,the word which simply means to plan.

Plan means plan and nothing else.

The only one verse is there which is pointing towards deception and the deception is simply that their punishment is delayed and they are left with their false assumptions that they could deceive Allah.This kind of deception is not evil at all,just like some points of deception quoted in your texts.I am sorry to share these verses here.

Kings 22:22

” ‘By what means?’ the LORD asked.
” ‘I will go out and be a lying spirit in the mouths of all his prophets,‘ he said.
” ‘You will succeed in enticing him,’ said the LORD. ‘Go and do it.

Jeremiah 4:10

Then I said, “Ah, Sovereign LORD, how completely you have deceived (nasha) this people and Jerusalem by saying, ‘You will have peace,’ when the sword is at our throats.”

2 Thessalonians 2:11

11For this reason God sends them a powerful delusion so that they will believe the lie

AUTHOR OF ABROGATION

The doctor changes the prescription sometimes and it is also a part of management.Sometimes the doses have to be changed,sometimes the medicines.

It is not something evil believe me.

AUTHOR OF HISTORICAL ERRORS

Actually these are the confusions of critic or his islamophobia.

All of your such confusions are answered here.

Masjid al Aqsa:The Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w. was taken to its site.

People of Cave:When the dead would be given life and it is reasonable then what is wrong if some sleeping people would wake up after such a period?

Alexander:The identity of Dhul Qarnayn is not only that of Alexander.It is just a suggestion among many others.

The case of believing and non believing Jews:It is a matter of free indirect speech.

Trinity:Ibid and Ibn e Ishaq are not authentic sources.

Mariyum a.s.,the mother of Jesus a.s and the sister of Haroon a.s.:

Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w. actually cleared the confusion.

Mughira b. Shu’ba reported: When I came to najran, they (the Christians of najran) asked me: You read” O sister of Harun” (i. e. Hadrat Maryam) in the Qur’an, whereas Moses was born much before Jesus. When I came back to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) I asked him about that, whereupon he said: The (people of the old age) used to give names (to their persons) after the names of Apostles and pious persons who had gone before them.  (Sahih Muslim Book #025, Hadith #5326)

AUTHOR OF CARNAL PLEASURES

Marriages are not wrong,but refraining from marriages and priests raping children is worst possible sin.Learn here.

The origin of this sin is the fact that they have assumed it the sign of virtuosity by themselves.

Marriage with beautiful ladies is not something evil.Believe me.

AUTHOR OF FOREIGN WORDS

The accent of these words is purely Arabic despite some similarity which is confusing the critic.

Actually the words are Arabic translations.

I think these kind of claims are to conceal the defects of your own religion.

John 16:25

25“Though I have been speaking figuratively (paroimia), a time is coming when I will no longer use this kind of language but will tell you plainly about my Father.

AUTHOR OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS:

Read here.

ALLAH AND OATHS

Allah is the Creator and there is no other Creator and no entity like him.It does not sound logical if someone swears by himself.

If Allah swears by His creation,This not something wrong.

ALLAH IS NOT TRIUNE

Definitely Allah is not the triune.

Response to The Character of God in Bible and Qur’an

I. The Intimacy of God

A.   The dominant Qur’anic picture is that of a master and servant. Even though there is a Qur’anic verse that claims that God is closer to the people than their own jugular vein,[2] nevertheless, the idea of God’s intimacy with his people is not very much developed in the Qur’an or in orthodox Islamic theology. In fact, sura 50:16, is set in the context of the angels recording man’s deeds for the day of judgment. God is constantly referred to as a Sovereign Master (although he is Rahman and Rahim). He is gracious and is the source of all the bounties of the earth, but overall the image is that he is far above and beyond the struggles and the tragedies in the human realm.

Response:

This is the list for translations of the word master.See the list yourself and tell me how many of these words are mentioned in Quran frequently?

There is a complete Chapter known by the name of Most Merciful,Rahman.

There are several verses in Quran mentioning the word Rahman,The Most Merciful

  1. 13:30
  2. 17:110
  3. 19:18
  4. 19:26
  5. 19:45
  6. 19:58
  7. 19:61
  8. 19:69
  9. 19:75
  10. 19:78
  11. 19:85
  12. 19:88
  13. 19:91
  14. 19:91
  15. 19:93
  16. 20:5
  17. 21:26
  18. 25:59
  19. 25:60
  20. 25:63
  21. 26:5
  22. 36:11
  23. 36:15
  24. 36:23
  25. 43:17
  26. 43:19
  27. 43:20
  28. 43:33
  29. 43:36
  30. 43:45
  31. 43:81
  32. 50:33

The name Raheem in Quran.

  1. 2:143
  2. 2:173
  3. 2:182
  4. 2:192
  5. 2:199
  6. 2:218
  7. 2:226
  8. 3:31
  9. 3:89
  10. 3:129
  11. 4:25
  12. 5:3
  13. 5:34
  14. 5:39
  15. 5:74
  16. 5:98
  17. 6:54
  18. 6:145
  19. 6:165
  20. 7:153
  21. 7:167
  22. 8:69
  23. 8:70
  24. 9:5
  25. 9:91
  26. 9:99
  27. 9:102
  28. 9:117
  29. 9:128
  30. 11:41
  31. 12:53
  32. 14:36
  33. 16:7
  34. 16:18
  35. 16:47
  36. 16:110
  37. 16:115
  38. 16:119
  39. 22:65
  40. 24:5
  41. 24:20
  42. 24:33
  43. 24:62
  44. 27;11
  45. 36:58
  46. 41:32
  47. 49:5
  48. 49:12
  49. 49:14
  50. 57:9
  51. 57:28
  52. 58:12
  53. 59:10
  54. 60:7
  55. 60:12
  56. 64:14
  57. 66:1
  58. 73:20

The name Ghafoor,One who forgives.

  1. 22:60
  2. 34:15
  3. 35:28
  4. 58:2
  5. 2:173
  6. 2:182
  7. 2:192
  8. 2:199
  9. 2:218
  10. 2:226
  11. 3:31
  12. 3:89
  13. 3:189
  14. 4:25
  15. 5:3
  16. 5:34
  17. 5:39
  18. 5:74
  19. 5:98
  20. 6:54
  21. 6:145
  22. 6:165
  23. 7:153
  24. 7:167
  25. 8:69
  26. 8:70
  27. 9:5
  28. 9:27
  29. 9:91
  30. 9:99
  31. 9:102
  32. 11:41
  33. 12:53
  34. 14:36
  35. 16:18
  36. 16:110
  37. 16:115
  38. 16:119
  39. 24:5
  40. 24:22
  41. 24:33
  42. 24:62
  43. 27:11
  44. 49:5
  45. 49:14
  46. 57:28
  47. 58:12
  48. 60:7
  49. 60:12
  50. 64:14
  51. 66:1
  52. 73:20
  53. 4:23
  54. 4:96
  55. 4:100
  56. 4:106
  57. 4:110
  58. 4:129
  59. 4:152
  60. 10:107
  61. 12:98
  62. 15:49
  63. 25:6
  64. 25:70
  65. 28:16
  66. 33:5
  67. 33:24
  68. 33:50
  69. 33:59
  70. 33:73
  71. 39:53
  72. 41:32
  73. 42:5
  74. 46:8
  75. 58:14

The word Rab,Lord is mentioned 298 times in Quran.the Caretaker,the Cherisher,the Sustainer.

Critic:

II. The Suffering of God

A.   The God of the Qur’an shows his mercy to humankind by sending prophets to guide the people to the straight path. God sends prophets to various people groups but judges the disobedient nations (oftentimes by destroying them) when they don’t listen to God’s prophets (see the sura of the poets, al-Shuara, as one example of this prominent Qur’anic theme). God’s dealings with people are reported in a very matter of fact way.

B.   The Bible on the other hand presents us with a God who suffers because of his disobedient people. He is grieved, he is angered. The prophets of Israel reveal him as a wounded lover, a husband who feels the pain of betrayal because of his unfaithful wife, a father whose heart is broken because of his rebellious children.

Response:

A.Sending prophets is the mercy,no doubt but when the evildoers had corrupted a lot,their removal was also a mercy.

Remember,a doctor has to perform sometimes the limb amputation.It is a mercy to prevent the spread of disease or to improve the quality of life.

Sometimes the organs are removed too and this is also mercy.

B.

The concept of God in Bible who could hate as well as destroy nations.

The LORD is a jealous God, filled with vengeance and wrath.  He takes revenge on all who oppose him and furiously destroys his enemies!  The LORD is slow to get angry, but his power is great, and he never lets the guilty go unpunished.  He displays his power in the whirlwind and the storm.  The billowing clouds are the dust beneath his feet.  At his command the oceans and rivers dry up, the lush pastures of Bashan and Carmel fade, and the green forests of Lebanon wilt.  In his presence the mountains quake, and the hills melt away; the earth trembles, and its people are destroyed.  Who can stand before his fierce anger?  Who can survive his burning fury?  His rage blazes forth like fire, and the mountains crumble to dust in his presence.  The LORD is good.  When trouble comes, he is a strong refuge.  And he knows everyone who trusts in him.  But he sweeps away his enemies in an overwhelming flood.  He pursues his foes into the darkness of night.   (Nahum 1:2-8 NLT)

“I have wiped out many nations, devastating their fortress walls and towers.  Their cities are now deserted; their streets are in silent ruin.  There are no survivors to even tell what happened.  I thought, ‘Surely they will have reverence for me now!  Surely they will listen to my warnings, so I won’t need to strike again.’  But no; however much I punish them, they continue their evil practices from dawn till dusk and dusk till dawn.”  So now the LORD says: “Be patient; the time is coming soon when I will stand up and accuse these evil nations.  For it is my decision to gather together the kingdoms of the earth and pour out my fiercest anger and fury on them.  All the earth will be devoured by the fire of my jealousy.  “On that day I will purify the lips of all people, so that everyone will be able to worship the LORD together.  My scattered people who live beyond the rivers of Ethiopia will come to present their offerings.   (Zephaniah 3:6-10 NLT)

“You Ethiopians will also be slaughtered by my sword,” says the LORD.  And the LORD will strike the lands of the north with his fist.  He will destroy Assyria and make its great capital, Nineveh, a desolate wasteland, parched like a desert.  The city that once was so proud will become a pasture for sheep and cattle.  All sorts of wild animals will settle there.  Owls of many kinds will live among the ruins of its palaces, hooting from the gaping windows.  Rubble will block all the doorways, and the cedar paneling will lie open to the wind and weather.  This is the fate of that boisterous city, once so secure.  “In all the world there is no city as great as I,” it boasted.  But now, look how it has become an utter ruin, a place where animals live!  Everyone passing that way will laugh in derision or shake a defiant fist.   (Zephaniah 2:12-15 NLT)

Stand in silence in the presence of the Sovereign LORD, for the awesome day of the LORD’s judgment has come.  The LORD has prepared his people for a great slaughter and has chosen their executioners.  “On that day of judgment,” says the LORD, “I will punish the leaders and princes of Judah and all those following pagan customs.  Yes, I will punish those who participate in pagan worship ceremonies, and those who steal and kill to fill their masters’ homes with loot.  “On that day,” says the LORD, “a cry of alarm will come from the Fish Gate and echo throughout the newer Mishneh section of the city. And a great crashing sound will come from the surrounding hills.  Wail in sorrow, all you who live in the market area, for all who buy and sell there will die.  “I will search with lanterns in Jerusalem’s darkest corners to find and punish those who sit contented in their sins, indifferent to the LORD, thinking he will do nothing at all to them.  They are the very ones whose property will be plundered by the enemy, whose homes will be ransacked.  They will never have a chance to live in the new homes they have built.  They will never drink wine from the vineyards they have planted.  “That terrible day of the LORD is near.  Swiftly it comes – a day when strong men will cry bitterly.  It is a day when the LORD’s anger will be poured out.  It is a day of terrible distress and anguish, a day of ruin and desolation, a day of darkness and gloom, of clouds, blackness, trumpet calls, and battle cries. Down go the walled cities and strongest battlements!  “Because you have sinned against the LORD, I will make you as helpless as a blind man searching for a path.  Your blood will be poured out into the dust, and your bodies will lie there rotting on the ground.”  Your silver and gold will be of no use to you on that day of the LORD’s anger.  For the whole land will be devoured by the fire of his jealousy.  He will make a terrifying end of all the people on earth.   (Zephaniah 1:7:18 NLT)

“I will sweep away everything in all your land,” says the LORD.  “I will sweep away both people and animals alike. Even the birds of the air and the fish in the sea will die.  I will reduce the wicked to heaps of rubble, along with the rest of humanity,” says the LORD.  “I will crush Judah and Jerusalem with my fist and destroy every last trace of their Baal worship.  I will put an end to all the idolatrous priests, so that even the memory of them will disappear.  For they go up to their roofs and bow to the sun, moon, and stars.  They claim to follow the LORD, but then they worship Molech, too.  So now I will destroy them!  And I will destroy those who used to worship me but now no longer do.  They no longer ask for the LORD’s guidance or seek my blessings.”   (Zephaniah 1:2-6 NLT)

You must destroy all the nations the LORD your God hands over to you.  Show them no mercy and do not worship their gods.  If you do, they will trap you.  Perhaps you will think to yourselves, ‘How can we ever conquer these nations that are so much more powerful than we are?’  But don’t be afraid of them!  Just remember what the LORD your God did to Pharaoh and to all the land of Egypt.  Remember the great terrors the LORD your God sent against them.  You saw it all with your own eyes!  And remember the miraculous signs and wonders, and the amazing power he used when he brought you out of Egypt.  The LORD your God will use this same power against the people you fear.  And then the LORD your God will send hornets to drive out the few survivors still hiding from you!  “No, do not be afraid of those nations, for the LORD your God is among you, and he is a great and awesome God.  The LORD your God will drive those nations out ahead of you little by little.  You will not clear them away all at once, for if you did, the wild animals would multiply too quickly for you.  But the LORD your God will hand them over to you.  He will throw them into complete confusion until they are destroyed.  He will put their kings in your power, and you will erase their names from the face of the earth. No one will be able to stand against you, and you will destroy them all.   (Deuteronomy 7:16-24 NLT)

In Genesis 6:5, God resolves to destroy humankind in the great flood because “the wickedness (ra) of man was great in the earth”.

 

 

Critic:

III. The Love of God

A.   Much ink has been shed on this issue, portraying Islam as having an unloving God. That is not true, but nevertheless, the Qur’anic picture is quite different. God loves the good, not the unlovely and the sinner.

That God does not love the sinner is abundantly clear in the Quran.

B.   In contrast, both the Old and New Testaments record that God loves everyone regardless of their sin. In the Bible, we see God as not only the initiator of love but as one who loves those who are his enemies.

Response:

A.

There are many verses about the love of Allah but there is NO verse that Allah hates so and so,though there are some verses which mention that Allah does not love transgressors,rebelliously disobedient people and disbelievers.

B.

If the critic is keen to compare the Books and the concept of God in these Books,then he should not conceal that it is mentioned many times that god hates the evil doers.

Romans 9:13

As it is written, “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”

Psalm 31:6

I hate those who pay regard to worthless idols, but I trust in the Lord.

Proverbs 6:16-19

There are six things that the Lord hates, seven that are an abomination to him: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that devises wicked plans, feet that make haste to run to evil, a false witness who breathes out lies, and one who sows discord among brothers

Malachi 1:3

But Esau I have hated. I have laid waste his hill country and left his heritage to jackals of the desert.”

Psalm 11:5

The Lord tests the righteous, but his soul hates the wicked and the one who loves violence.

Psalm 139:21-22

Do I not hate those who hate you, O Lord? And do I not loathe those who rise up against you? I hate them with complete hatred; I count them my enemies.

Psalm 26:5

I hate the assembly of evildoers, and I will not sit with the wicked.

Critic:

IV. The Knowability of God

This point becomes a bit heavy on the philosophical side, but I would appreciate your patience here, because it has profound practical ramifications. Despite all the names of God in the Qur’an, in orthodox Islam we confront a God who is basically unknowable. These names do not tell us anything about what God is like but only how God has willed to act. God’s actions do not reflect God’s nature.

Response:

To acknowledge someone,it is not necessary to see His picture or see him alive.

One could be acknowledged by His deeds and His actions.

So God is knowable and one could believe in His presence without seeing Him.

The belief in the unseen is known as faith and this faith has to be tested.

God is not seen in this world but He would be seen in the Hereafter.

Critic:

V. The Holiness of God

A.   Even though Muslims often give the impression that Islam presents a loftier picture of God’s forgiveness, because God just forgives when people repent and does not need any bloody sacrifices to atone for people’s sin, the Qur’an is at odds with the biblical emphasis on God’s holiness and his requirement for sacrifices.

B.   As a Christian, I find it incredible that the adjective Holy (Quddus) is only used twice of God in the Qur’an. See Leviticus as the heart of the Torah. This is the basis for the heart of the Christian view of atonement.

Guthrie explains the need for the atonement such:

Costly LoveIf God already loves and forgives us, why atonement at all? Why did Jesus have to die to reconcile us to God? Why did not God just say, “I forgive you,” and let it go at that?

We can catch a glimpse of the answer with an analogy in human relationships. Suppose that I have done something that betrays a friendship and hurts a friend. Suppose that I go to her to tell her how sorry I am and how bad I feel about it, and she says to me, “That’s OK. It doesn’t make any difference. Forget it.” Has she forgiven me? What she has really said is, “I don’t care enough about you to be bothered by anything you say or do. You are not that important to me.” She also leaves me alone with the pain of my guilt, refusing to help me deal with it, put it behind me, and make a fresh beginning with her.

Good-natured indulgence and casual acceptance are not forgiveness and love but an expression of indifference and sometimes hostility. Real love and forgiveness mean caring enough to be hurt, caring enough to put ourselves in others’ shoes and sharing their guilt as if it were our own. Real love and forgiveness are costly – not in the sense that the guilty party must squeeze them out of the injured party but in the sense that the injured party genuinely sympathizes with the guilty and shares his or her pain.

Why did Jesus have to die? Why atonement? Because God cares for us too much to dismiss our sin and guilt with a flippant “It doesn’t matter.” Because words were not enough: action was necessary to prove that God’s love and forgiveness are genuine. Because God wanted to stand with us in the loneliness and alienation we bring on ourselves when we separate ourselves from God and other people. Because it is just when God comes to our side in our loneliness, alienation, and guilt that they are overcome. In the cross God says to us, “Yes, it is true. You have hurt and offended me. But I still love you. Therefore I will make your guilt and its consequences my own. I will suffer with you – for you – to make things right between us again.”

Response:

A.

Yes,Allah do not need bloody sacrifices to forgive the people,rather His mercy is enough to erase all the sins.

B.

You have given the example of a friend which does not fit here.Friends are of somewhat equal status.

You should consider an example of a mother and child.What would she do if her child has committed a mistake?Would she need some bloody sacrifice from her child or let the child go if he is sorry?

Believe me,if her child would say I am sorry,she would hug him and say It’s Okay.

She would not demand any bloody sacrifice from the Child,she would not even punish him if He is sorry.

This is mercy,love and real forgiveness.

When the compensation is taken in anyway,when some is punished or someone has to be suffered,this is not real forgiveness.Believe me.